All the Macedonian veterans who had fought under the command of their general Alexander the Great could not believe when it was revealed to them that their young leader was dying. All of them demanded to visit Alexander in person and see it for themselves. There was even a mutiny to visit the room where Alexander was breathing his last. All the grief stricken soldiers cued up in line to see their great leader who was lying in a cot in Nebuchadrezzar’s ancient palace in Babylon. He was barely alive and greeted everyone with a slight nod of his head, movement of eyes or hand. Everyone seeing Alexander in his death bed was shocked.
Alexander the Great had led his army personally for 12 long years from the highlands of Macedonia, to curbing the rebellious Thebes, then crossing over to the Hellespont to begin his revenge against the Persians. His troops fought across Anatolia defeating the Persian Empire and then subjugating the Bactrians too. He marched undefeated till Beas River in India. Throughout his military campaigns Alexander had been wounded many times, but nothing seemed to be able to stop his energy, iron resolution and his miraculous power of recovering quickly. Yet he died at sunset on June 10 in the year 323 B.C. He was 32 years old at the time of his death.
So what could have killed this great historical figure who defied every odd? Earlier theorists had claimed that Alexander was poisoned while his stay in India and that he died of Malaria. But recent studies have confirmed that he died of a disease called typhoid fever. In the accounts written about his last days there are descriptions of Alexander having sweats, chills, exhaustion and high fever all these are symptoms of typhoid fever. Some of the accounts even claim that he often cried out of agony due to abdominal pain. Medical experts believe that untreated typhoid fever can often lead to perforation of bowel and cause such abdominal pain.
Another mysterious aspect mentioned in the records claim that Alexander the Great’s dead body showed no signs of decay even after a few days. Such an occurrence has also been described by the researchers. They believe that one complication of typhoid fever is ascending paralysis. This is a neurological problem that starts from the feet and gradually moves up the body. The muscles of the victim’s body get paralysed and breathing also slows down. Sometimes in acute cases the victim might even appear dead due to slow and irregular breathing. So Alexander the Great might have been living for some days even after he was declared dead by his personal physician.
Regarding the earlier held poisoning theory, the recent researchers comment that it was a conspiracy theory. In those times the death of great was always seen as a conspiracy to sensationalise the death even further. So death mystery of Alexander the Great has finally been solved.