Staffordshire Hoard: How did these Items Landed up in an Open Field?


A man decided to use his metal detector in the village of Hammerwich in Staffordshire on July 5, 2009. After having asked the owner of the field for permission he went about his business with the metal detector. The person had garnered some earlier success, having uncovered piece of a horse’s ornament belonging to the Roman times. At first try the detector found nothing unusual. But soon it began beeping, this caused the man to dig down and he was shocked by the gleam of several golden items that lay buried within the dirt.

Some items which are part of Straffordshire Hoard

Soon he notified this incident to local archaeologists who began informal excavations. Over the next few days about 250 bags of gold and silver were found from the place. The total figure was a staggering 3,500. It was declared that these were the largest collection of items from Anglo-Saxon England. After all the items had been unearthed analysis over the objects began. The collection  primarily consisted of war armour such as scabbards, sword hilts, helmets, etc. There were some decorative crosses and a single golden bad with the engraving of a Biblical phrase. But there were no other religious objects found.

Band with Biblical Inscription

It is very curious that there were no jewellery or women’s adornments found. Neither were there any types of coins. Scientists feel these artefacts known as Straffordshire Hoard were made around 7th century. But they could not answer why such valuable items were buried in the field. There is no apparent reason for an army to strip their armour and bury it in the middle of a field. While some experts believe this was an offering to God, but there is a problem, there were no other religious objects found in the place. Other groups feel this treasure was buried to be retrieved back some times later. But the people having buried the treasure could not retrieve it for some reasons.

Hilt Fitting which is a part of Straffordshire Hoard

It is clear that the objects did not arrive at this place due to a war. There were no bodies found in the place. It is unlikely that a losing army would of all things bury their armour.

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