Archive | April 2012

Ivan The Great’s Lost Library

Over the centuries many ancient containing rare books, documents or maps have been destroyed. The ancient library of Alexandria was destroyed by Julius Caesar while the library at Carthage (having 20,000 volumes) was again destroyed by the Romans. Chinese Emperor Shi-Hwang-to burned all the books in China in 214 BC. Books and libraries have always been lost. But we are talking about a library that was saved at the last moment. In the middle of the fifteenth century the Ottoman Empire was conquering everything and spreading gradually towards the West. There was not much time before Constantinople was invaded. Constantinople had survived for almost two thousand years before it was threatened by the Turks. The city had survived many catastrophes over the years. City had even overcome the looting of Crusaders which was planned as a dress rehearsal for conquering Jerusalem. They had learned a lesson during this looting.


Books from Library at Constantinople were transported to Moscow

It was decided by the ruling emperor Constantine XI that the greatest treasures of the city are saved at all costs. But Mahomet II, the Turkish emperor had an army of over 150,000 men and Constantine had an army which was almost one tenth of his overwhelming enemy. Fall of Constantinople was inevitable. In a bid to protect the city niece of the emperor Sophia Palaeologa was married off to young Ivan III, who was the ruler of Russia. She took a huge entourage along with her to Russia. Her baggage included some of the biggest treasures of Constantinople including most rare books from Constantinople’s library. This library held books from Africa, Asia and Europe. There were books of various languages such as Greek, Latin, Arabic, Hebrew and Egyptian. Early writings of Pindar, Tacitus, Polybius and Cicero were some books in the library. There were seven hundred books that bound by the emperor with jewels encrusted on them.


Sophia Palaiologina brought the books with her to Moscow

This treasure made its way safely from Constantinople to Moscow. The alliance between Russia and Constantinople failed due to various differences. Troops of the Sultan blasted through the walls after limited resistance. There was vast massacre everywhere. Constantinople was converted into Istanbul and was made the capital of Turkish Empire. Hagia Sophia, one of the greatest Roman churches was converted into a mosque and there were other mosques built all through the city. Moscow had now become the head of Orthodox Christian Church.


Constantinople fell to Ottoman Siege

Sophia persuaded her husband to modernise Kremlin with the help of some Italian artists. Building of Kremlin was one of the greatest achievements of Ivan III. Earlier Kremlin was built with wood. Though it had withstood many attacks over the years, but it was impeded by frequent outbreaks of fire. Sophia understood that such fire would destroy all treasures she brought with her. There was an underground vault specially designed to keep the books. This was named as Liberia. Here the books were stored in safety.


Kremlin was re-built to accommodate the books

After the death of Ivan III the powers passed over to Ivan IV (who is better known as Ivan the Terrible). He detested the aristocracy and wanted to put an end to their powers. With a special taste for torture and killing the underground vault was expanded to accommodate prison rooms and torture areas. People of Russia were severely affected by the rule of Ivan IV. Everyone forgot about the Great library of Ivan III. From this time onwards the library was lost.


There were underground tunnels built and subway stations created during the times of Joseph Stalin. But no one ever discovered the great Liberia of Ivan III.


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Hanno the Navigator’s Voyage

Hanno was a navigator and a citizen of Carthage. Though there is nothing much known about the dates of his birth and death, he is known to have flourished in the sixth century BC. He famously took sixty galleys filled with settlers on a voyage to the west coast of Africa and set up a colony there. He sailed beyond the pillars of Hercules. He set up colonies along the western coast of Africa. However what Hanno did and what steps were taken to set up this colony are not much known about. The colony that he had set up also mingled with the other natives within a few years.


Hanno was a Great Navigator from Carthage

Hanno’s voyage was organised about two thousand years before the much acclaimed epic voyage of Bartholomew Dias in 1448. Hanno was the first person to set sail out of the Mediterranean and beyond the pillars of Hercules. It was exceedingly difficult in those times to sail in the unknown horizons. The earth was considered to be flat and it was thought that the seas were inhabited by dangerous monsters. Hanno’s voyage should have crossed through Canary Islands and some islands nearby. He reached as far as present day Sierra Leone. The voyage spanned across 3,000 miles into the Mediterranean.


Probable map for Hanno's Voyage

Hanno even wrote an account about this voyage on a clay tablet. The original version was written in Phoenician language. He reported seeing hippopotamuses, crocodiles and natives dressed in animal skins. After his return this tablet was hung at the temple of Bel in Carthage. The Greek translation of this text is known as Hannonis Periplus. It is oldest account in Geographical science till date. It was later on translated into Greek and was known to scholars of the time. Pliny the Elder and Arrian mentioned this account in their works.


Copy of Hannonis Periplus

Modern scholars there are a lot of incoherence and incorrect data in Hanno’s account. Many attempts made at identifying the places with regards to their mention in the account have failed.  This has led to a controversy whether the contents of the text were modified inaccurately later on. Many scholars even feel that Carthagians did not want the Greeks to learn about Hanno’s route so they hid the original version and put together a new version with false facts.

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Was Guy Fawkes a Revolutionary or a Conspirator?

Guy Fawkes is a name that has been integrally associated with the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Guy Fawkes was caught on the spot along with his aids while trying to blow the Parliament with King James I and his fellow members of Parliament. There are effigies of Fawkes still burned on November 5 every year. But what was the true reason for his radical activity?

Guy Fawkes a Conspirator against the Crown

Guy Fawkes was born on April 13, 1570 in Yorkshire. He was a commoner and not much is known about his early days. He married Maria Pulleyn in 1590 and was employed as a footman by Anthony Browne, 2nd Lord Monteagle. He left England for Flanders 1593 or 94. He soon joined the Spanish army and held a position of command in some Spanish Army campaigns. Though he was noted to be noble and virtuous but he was religious. In 1600 he took up the name Guido instead of his Christian name Guy. During one of his visits he met Christopher Wright and started planning the invasion of England. But the Spanish were not interested in such an invasion; they had been dented by recent losses.

Guy Fawkes and his fellow Conspirators decided to blow the Parliament

So Fawkes moved over to Brussels. Here he met the other conspirators and chalked out a plan to kill King James I and his fellow noblemen. Fawkes came to England with the name “John Johnson” and soon rented a cellar beneath the Parliament. He stored barrels full of Gunpowder which were hidden beneath iron bars and faggots. All the conspirators took an oath in front of a Jesuit priest, John Gerard in an inn. In the last stage of the plan they decided to save the lives of Catholic peers. Fawkes wrote an anonymous letter to William Parker (which is famous as the Monteagle Letter). The contents of the letter spread from one person to the other and soon to the ears of the Monarch. Cellars were searched and a hefty amount of Gunpowder was discovered. Guy Fawkes was arrested. He was interrogated personally by James I and then subjected to torture where he admitted his crime and revealed the plan. He was given a death sentence to be hung, drawn and quartered. But he was saved from this butchery as Fawkes broke his neck while hanging.

Guy Fawkes was arrested while searching the cellars beneath Parliament

Though long dead there is still a debate whether Guy Fawkes was a hero or villain. His adversary was King James I. King James I is always mentioned as great king. He became the King of Scotland at the tender age of 13 years. After the death of Virgin Mary he was placed on the throne. The boy king was under constant threat. People around him were always looking to seize power. But King James I was a man with integrity and new ideas. One of his greatest achievements was the translation of the scriptures.

The secret plan was dismantled due to Monteagle Letter

He rules during a time when the Church and State were same. He brought about various changes in the rules. There were two factions within the church. The Bishops who had supreme power used the Bishop’s Bible that was the sole religious text for British while the Puritans had faith in the Scriptures and used the Geneva Bible. King James I took a look at both these Bibles. He felt that the Bishop’s Bible was a lazy work while the Geneva Bible had footnotes with political inclinations. So, he decided to give the English a new Bible. He formed a committee that worked for seven years to come up with King James Bible. England thrived under King James I’s leadership. But the old Roman Catholic followers were not happy with the radical thoughts of their king. They wanted to get rid of King James I.

Guy Fawkes was interrogated by King James I upon his arrest

So, they got in touch with Guy Fawkes who was more of a hired mercenary. They offered him scope for salvation and some other benefits in the new regime. This proposition was too good to resist for Guy Fawkes and hence started his plotting to murder the king of England.

Guy Fawkes should not be labelled as a rebel in any sense, he was a conspirator.

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Was the Great Pyramid of Giza always without a capstone?

When you take a look at the Great Pyramid you will find it is missing the apex. It has a flapped top which is unlikely for a pyramid. When a Pyramid was constructed in the ancient times capstone or top stone formed an integral part of the structure. It was so special that most pyramids used special stones or even gold at their apex. So, the capstone was highly decorated. But why is the Great Pyramid without a capstone? Was the structure always like this? Or was the capstone stolen or destroyed at a later date?

Aerial View of the Great Pyramid of Giza

As people from the present generation we will not be able to tell. But some accounts during the times of Jesus Christ report that the Pyramid was without a capstone during those times too. May be the pyramid was never finished in the first place. Due to some political decisions the pyramid was left unfinished and the architects never had a chance to place the capstone which would provide the final finishing touches to the pyramid.

One Dollar Currency in USA having Pyramid with Capstone

Some scholars feel viewing the importance of the great pyramid that it had a golden capstone which was the first thing to be looted. This could be a logical explanation alright but there is a slight problem. The Great Pyramid is an elaborate structure. If there was a capstone it would be very large indeed. If you climb on top of the pyramid you will find there is ample space to walk around freely. So, you can well understand the weight of this capstone. It is not possible for the looters to steal such a heavy object without being noticed.

The Great Pyramid with a structure suggesting its vacant capstone

Even if it was destroyed in any natural catastrophe there would be some parts of the capstone remaining till date. Many Egyptologists have searched intensely for this capstone but without any success. Such a heavy chunk of stones or gold cannot vanish overnight.

There were no references of Pyramid's capstone even in ancient texts

Another strange fact that has come to the fore about Great Pyramid of Giza is its top half has strange electro-static waves. One of the British inventors and explorers Sir Siemen climbed up to the top of the Pyramid and when he raised his fingers he heard strange ringing noise. His bottle of wine got electrocuted. Did the Egyptian masters know something which we don’t? Was absence of the capstone a part of strategy to counter these electro-static waves?

Controversy about this missing apex was raised by the one dollar bill currency in US. This currency shows the Great Pyramid of Giza with an apex. Is there a bigger mystery in it? We will have to wait and watch.


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Lake in Chile Disappears Overnight

The incident that is being referred to happened in May 2007 when a huge lake in Chile vanished overnight. There was only one thing left behind which was a 30 meter deep pit, dry soil and icebergs. All the water contained in the lake was gone. Though this incident happened about 5 years back but there is not much news about the incident. Many UFO specialists and paranormalists recently had a look at the spot. They have suggested various theories to justify this strange occurrence.

Missing Lake near Patagonia in Chile

The lake in question was not a small lake. It was about five miles long and situated in Patagonia, Chile. Geologists had studied the lake last in March 2007 and they had reported nothing strange about the lake. So, what could have happened to this giant lake? In addition to the disappearance of the lake, another river that flowed from the lake was simply reduced to a small stream.

When this story was first heard many people put it away thinking it was bizarre. Though seemingly baffling this incident is true. Though the water was gone but icebergs were left behind intact. Some geologists have also reported huge cracks at the bottom of the formed pit. Did the lake’s water drain out through these cracks? Was there an earthquake that caused this incident? How did the icebergs survive?

Glaciers in the Lake were intact

An expert in glaciers stated that this lake did not exist even three decades ago. May be the landscape of this area is reforming itself as has been seen in various parts of the world. Many geologists as well as glacier specialists are conducting tests to ascertain the fact. Some parts of the media feel that the water was actually drained out by an UFO. This seems to be an attempt to sensationalise the incident.

There is still no scientific or paranormal proof to tell the reasons. There have been many instances in the past where earthquakes have drained out water. Whether this is the true cause or not we have to wait and watch.

King Valerian and his Disgrace

King Valerian is one of the least known Roman Emperors. He is also considered as a disgrace to the mighty Roman Empire. He is famous for being the only Roman Emperor to be captured by a foreign enemy and died as a result of exile. He is put in a list of failed Roman emperors.


Statue of Valerian

Valerian was born around 200 AD. There is little known about his early life apart from the fact that he was a consul and high ranking member of the Senate in 238. He was married to Egnatia Maririana and had two sons. He was an ally to both Emperor Decius and Trebonianus Gallus. The later was declared king after Decius was killed by Goths in the Battle of Abrittus. Two years later Gallus in turn was threatened by Aemilianus who was a usurper. Gallus called upon Valerian who rushed to rescue the emperor but he was too late for Gallus had already been overthrown and killed before he arrived. Aemilinus reigned for even shorter duration; his army mutinied and killed him before he could face the rebel armies of Valerian. Soon Valerian was the new Emperor of Rome at the age of 55. First act of Valerian was to alleviate his son Gallienus as a co-Emperor. Valerian was a traditionalist and sanctioned the persecution of Christians throughout the kingdom.


Christians were executed under orders from Valerian

Valerian was not good in battles too. His Roman army failed against the Goths and Persians. Their strategies were ineffective against the enemies. Other enemies had great success with their hit and run tactics. They used to invade, pillage and then retreat before the Romans could come with reinforcements.


Coin with Valerian's Image

In 259 there was a new invasion form the Empire of the East imminent. This invasion was being planned by Shapur, the leader of Sassanid Empire (covering Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and some frontiers of India). Though Valerian marched forward with his Roman army but his soldiers were in no shape to fight due to diseases and mutiny. So, Valerian sought to make peace with Shapur. There was a meeting arranged between the two rulers. However, this turned out to be a trick by Shapur and Valerian fell into the trap. He was captured by Shapur and taken back to Persia in chains.


Valerian was captured by Shapur who used the Emperor as a footstool to mount the horse

There are various stories about what happened to Valerian in Persia. One story claims that Shapur used Valerian as a footstool while mounting his horse. This was a sign of his supremacy which made felt every day. Shapur was so proud of his triumph against the Romans that he had reliefs of both Velrian and him carved at Naqsh-i-Rustam near Persepolis. In this relief Valerian is shown in a submissive posture on his knees and Shapur on his horse.


Naqsh-i-Rustam bears the image of submissive Valerian and Shapur on a horse

It is said that after some time when Shapur had had enough of embarrassing Valerian he killed him and had his body stuffed with straw and exhibited in a Persian temple.


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The Great Female Thinker Hypatia and her Murder

Hypatia was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 350 AD. Alexandria was then a part of the roman Empire. She was the daughter of Greek scholar Theon, who was the last curator of the Museum of Alexandria which served as a large centre of learning and was considered as the city’s university. Hypatia grew up in this intensely academic environment and received education from her father from a very tender age. She was Theon’s best pupil and learned various classical works including the writings of Plato and equations of Diophantine. She travelled to Italy and Athens for further studied before returning back to Alexandria and becoming a lecturer and writer in fields such as philosophy, mathematics, mechanics and astronomy. She had Neoplatonism inclination to mathematics and philosophy and was appointed director of the Neoplatonist school in 400 AD. She penned down many famous books, some of them in collaboration with her father.


A Portrait of Hypatia

Though she was a genius but there are very few mentions of Hypatia in ancient texts. One scholar had to spend six years to find the mention of this lady. One of the first hand sources about Hypatia are letters to her from a student named Bishop Synesius of Cyrene. Other references are too little. From the limited resources we learn that Hypatia was an eminent female mathematician and intellectual in her age, where women did not engage in any type of learning. She was in favour of using practical technology and invented various gadgets such as the one which could tell the positioning of stars and sun. Large crowds emerged outside her house just to catch a glance of this enigmatic woman.


Hypatia was a woman of immense learning

Hypatia was immensely attractive and beautiful. In one of the records it is claimed that she harshly turned off a student having crush upon her by flinging her bloody menstrual rags on his face. Even the letters of Bishop Synesius have a love undertone to them. But according to the sources Hypatia never married and kept company of some of the most intellectual people of ancient Alexandria. Chastity was one of her sacred values.


Hypatia spent her days with most renowned scholars

But the Roman Empire during Hypatia’s times was divided into a mess. Though Christianity was the official religion but other sects from Jews to heretics had their powers. Every religion hated the other and this rivalry was very fierce in Alexandria. Intellectualism was on the point of being ousted by fundamentalism. Thus it wasn’t a good time to preach free thought. Added to this Hypatia was a pagan and female. Though there were many Christian students who admired Hypatia’s pagan beliefs but other dogmatic Christians thought of her as a witch and Satanist. Hypatia’s ideas which were not normal for a woman in her age were the reasons for such string feelings in men. Her situation was further worsened when she became a part of a disputed between Orestes (pagan governor of Alexandria) and his political rival Cyril (a powerful priest).


Hypatia taught Neo-platonism to her students

In March 415 AD when Hypatia was on her way in a carriage her vehicle was sidetracked by a gang of Christian monks who were in violent rage. They dragged Hypatia off her carriage and to the nearby church called Caesareum. According to the accounts the mob stripped her naked, beat her to half dead and then scraped her skin off her body using oyster shells. After this her corpse was burned. Christians did not stop even after her death, they burned all her writings and also of her disciples. All traces of this lady were wiped off.


Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob

But it seems their efforts didn’t pay off as Hypatia became a martyr about whom we are still talking about.


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Did the Biblical Plagues Really Happen?

Scientists have claimed that the Biblical plagues that had devastated Ancient Egypt were a result of volcanic eruption and global warming. Modern researchers feel they have found evidences for these natural disasters based on which the ten plagues of Egypt happened. The Ten Plagues of Egypt led Moses freeing the Israelites from their slavery as depicted in the book of Exodus. But unlike the Bible scientists do not think these were the wrathful act of God. Scientists feel these were caused by a natural chain of phenomenon. The plagues were triggered by some climatic and environmental changes that happened hundreds of miles away.


Ten Plagues of Egypt happened due to various scientific reasons

There are various evidences that explain the logical reasons for the plagues of Egypt. The plagues happened in the ancient Egyptian city of Pi-Rameses along the Nile Delta. Pi-Rameses was the capital of Egypt during the reign of Rameses II who ruled between 1279-13 BC. This city was abandoned about 3,000 years ago and the plagues were the reason. Climatologists studying the ancient climactic trends have reported a sharp shift in the climate of the area towards the end of Rameses IIs reign.


Nile turned red due to Burgundy Blood algae

Researchers have studied the stalagmites found in the Egyptian caves to rebuild the weather patterns. They used radioactive elements which the rocks contained. They claimed that Rameses IIs reign started with warm and wet climate but towards the end of his reign the climate switched to a dry period. Some researchers feel Rameses II reigned during a very unfavourable climactic period. There was a period in Egypt which had adverse consequences. The change in climate was the root cause of the first plague. The rising temperatures led the Nile to dry up. Nile turned from a fast flowing river providing essential lifeline to Egypt to a slow moving and muddy watercourse.


Frogs died due to lack of water in Nile and led to insect infestation

These were perfect conditions for the arrival of the first plague. The first plague is described in the Bible with the water turning into blood. This is the description for toxic fresh water algae. This bacterium also known as Burgundy Blood algae has existed for over 3,000 years and still causes the similar effects. This algae multiples drastically in slow moving warm water streams which provide it with high levels of nutrition. When these algae die they live a red stain in water. The scientists feel these algae were also contributors to the second, third and fourth plagues of Egypt. Nile was breeding places for flies, lice and frogs. Frogs developed from tadpoles and their speed of growth was very quick. Arrival of toxic algae forced the frogs to live out of water. As these frogs died mosquitoes, flies and various other insects flourished without existence of any predators. This led to the fifth and sixth plagues where the livestock was diseased. With the increase in insects there was rise of various epidemics such as malaria and others. This caused a large number of human beings falling ill.


Insects caused various diseases and epidemics

Another major natural disaster that happened more than 400 miles away were also triggering factors for the seventh, eighth and ninth plagues which brought hail, locusts and darkness to Egypt. One of the biggest volcanic eruptions in human history happened when Thera, which is a volcano in the Mediterranean islands of Santorini (North of Crete), exploded spewing billions of tons of volcanic ash into the atmosphere. It is believed that volcanic ash clashed with the thunderstorms converting them into hailstorms. The locusts were also a result of the volcanic ash. Ash caused weather change with high precipitation and higher humidity. These are exact conditions needed for presence of locusts. The volcanic ash was so heavy that it blocked the sunlight causing the stories about plague of darkness. Recently scientists have discovered pumice (which is a stone made after cooling of volcanic lava) though there are no volcanoes in Egypt. Closer analysis of the rock shows that it came from Santorini volcano. This provides evidence that ash fallout from the eruption at Santorini could easily reach Egypt.


Ashes from the Santorini volcano eruption caused severe climactic change

Cause of the final plague where the first borns of Egypt died has been suggested to be caused by a fungus that poisoned the grain supplies. These supplies would be provided to the male first borns and they were the first to fall victims.


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Lost Gospels with Hidden Facts

Lost gospels are a number of gospels that no longer exist or exist in pieces in reference to their existence. Some of these are hypothetical gospels; the Biblical scholars assume their existence through references in contemporary text. Most have no idea about the contents of these lost gospels. Some parts of the content are assumed from popular belief. There are about 20 such lots gospels. Some of these have been re-discovered in part and some of them have been saved in part over the centuries. Others were either lost with time or church destroyed them. None of these gospels are included in the Bible, though parts of some lost gospels are mixed with the present gospels,


Lost Gospels are some Gospels that are not included in the Bible

There are hoards of controversies surrounding the lost gospels as their content is unknown. Controversies have raged about their contents and why they were not included in the Bible. The church on their part have clarified that some of these gospels are unknown so they could not be included, while others were heretical. Most scholars feel that the biblical canonisation of gospels was done more for the convenience of the church. In short terms anything that went against what the church was trying to preach was considered as heretical and excluded from the Bible regardless of their author.


Surviving text of Gospel of Mary

Among these Lost Gospels is the gospel of Mary which is assumed to have been excluded as it was written by a woman, Mary who was the leading disciple of Jesus. There is clearly no such importance given to woman in the Bible. There could be various hidden facts about the last days of Christ in this gospel. There is also the Gospel of Peter which has vividly described the resurrection of Christ.


Letter by Clement mentioning the Secret Gospel of Mark

Secret Gospel of Mark is an unknown entity. The only reason we know this gospel existed is by a writing of Clement of Alexandria. In this letter Clement claimed that the gospel had been misinterpreted. He also accuses some contemporaries of lying about the facts. The gospel was supposed to have been kept at Alexandria and only those allowed to read the “Secret Gospels” could read through this gospel. But the present location of the gospel is unknown to all.


Supposed to be surviving Gospel of Mark

Gospel of Eve is perhaps the most controversial Lost Gospel. No one knows if there is any surviving copy of this gospel. Some references to this gospel are found in other writings. It dwelt on issues such as birth control and swallow semen. There is mention of having sex with multiple partners. But the church thought this as a piece of heretical writing and destroyed every copy.


May be with all these lost gospels Bible could have been better or worse.


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Is there a Link between Angel Hair and UFOs?

Angel Hair is a strange phenomenon which is observed in certain parts of New Zealand and Australia. There are various accounts by the locals where they have witnessed fibrous substances falling from the sky. When the onlookers went ahead to collect these substances they just vanished away. These appear like spider webs that are drifting away in the air; some have even described them as similar to cotton. In the recent times scholars have associated the Angel hair to UFO phenomenon. In 1948 it was reported that Angel Hair feel shortly after a UFO sighting. Again in 1952 a French account says that this material fell in two separate towns and there was a cigar shaped flying object witnessed in the sky. But another account of a ship docked in Canada reported that some strands of material fell off from the sky, but these were very strong and resilient unlike the sublime nature of Angel Hair.


Image of Angel Hair under Microscope

In 1998 it was reported that about 20 UFOs were seen over the town of Quirindi, New South Wales, Australia. As these UFOs passed overhead they filled the ground with Angel Hair. In some ancient texts Angel Hair has also been associated with the sightings of angels. But in the recent times this jelly-like or cobweb-like substance which is slightly radioactive in nature is often seen after UFO sightings. This substance evaporates without a trace. The hair has been claimed to either disintegrate or turn into a strange type of cottony tuft when held in the hand. This cottony tuft gives out a pungent smell. While Americans call this “Angel Hair”, Italians refer it “siliceous cotton” and the French use the term “the Madonna’s present” to describe this phenomenon.


Angel Hair on the plants

Ufologists first started discussing about this phenomenon in 1954 when two men stood in the balcony of a hotel in Venice and saw two shinning objects flying through the sky. Both these objects flew off fast towards Florence leaving a white trail. A soccer match in Florence was interrupted as everyone witnessed these flying objects. After the objects passed by the arena was filled with cobweb-like substances. The substances disintegrated when people tried to hold it in their hands. Only one student was able to capture some material and stored it in a test tube. There were number of tests conducted on these substances. It is a fibrous material with high resistance and torsion. When the substance was exposed to heat the material grows and finally evaporates leaving transparent sediment which melts away. This sediment contains silicon, born and magnesium. This sediment could be some type of boron glass.


Angel Hair samples collected in Test Tubes

A group of Russian scientists managed to get some samples of Angel Hair from New Zealand. They tested these substances using various procedures. They felt the fibres were less than 0.1 micron in diameter. Most of the threads were tangled as a bunch measuring upto 20 microns in diameter. Threads were whitish and semi-transparent. The material was of immense interest for the scientists as fibre was extremely and not something found in Earth’s natural environment.


Most Angel Hair reports and UFO sightings coincide

With all the evidences it seems very likely that UFOs may be a reason for the Angel Hair phenomenon. These may be energy trails left over by the UFOs.


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