Tag Archive | Shahjahan

Is Taj Mahal a Hindu Temple named Tejo Mahalaya? – Part III

Welcome to the third part of our investigate whether Taj Mahal was built by Shahjahan or was it a Shiva temple that was usurped from the King of Japiur to create the tomb of Mutaz. We have gone through 31 pieces of evidence that hold Taj Mahal as Tejo Mahalaya or the temple of Lord Shiva. But there are more evidences to back this claim:

Taj Mahal the Pride of India

Architectural Evidence

32. Many well known Western authorities on architecture have gone through the Taj Mahal and they feel it is built in Hindu temple style. Havell points in the building point out to the fact that ground plan is in accordance with the Hindu Chandi Seva Temple in Java.

33. A central dome with cupolas in each of its four corners is an universal feature of the Hindu temples.

There are four marble pillars at the plinth which are Hindu styled. These were used as lamp towers during night and watch towers during the day. Such design is used to demarcate holy Hindu precincts.

Well within Taj Mahal

Some Inconsistencies

34. There is a Nakkar Khana or Drun House which is located at some distance from the mosque. A drum house is not required in any mosque but it is needed in a temple during the morning and evening prayers.

35. There are embossed patterns on the cenotaph chamber wall. These patterns are of conch shell and the Hindu letter “OM”. There are also octagonally laid marble lattices that depict pink lotuses. The lotus, conch shell and OM are all sacred motifs for Hindus and are found in Hindu temples.

There are evidences that sanctum sanctorum of Taj Mahal had silver doors, gold railings and nets of pearl and gems stuffed into a marble lattice. It was the greed of wealth that made Shahjahan usurp this property.

36. In the marble flooring surrounding Mumtaz’s cenotaph there are tiny mosaic patches. These patches prove that there were gold railings embedded onto the floor.

37. There is a chain of lamps which hangs over Mumtaz’s centotaph. Holy water pitcher from which water drips onto a Shivalinga is the immediate picture you would get.

38. It is this Hindu tradition that provided the basis behind a story that every full moon Shahjahan’s love tear drops on Mumtaz’s tomb on the full moon day in the winter season.

Walled Rooms that Seem to be hiding evidence

Treasury Well

39. Between the mosque and the drum house there is a octagonal multi-storied well with a flight of stairs. Such wells are customary of Hindu temples where all the treasures were kept hidden. The wells had spiralling steps, thus no intruder could rob wealth from the temples. Such a well seems out of place in a mosque.

A marble apartment on ground floor

Unknown Burial Date

40. If the Taj Mahal was really built as wonder burial spot for Mumtaz history would have recorded this date. There is no mention of Mumtaz’s burial anywhere.

41. The date of Mumtaz’s death is also unknown. In Shahjahan’s royal harem comprising of 500 women it was difficult to keep track of deaths of women. It seems Mumtaz’s was so insignificant that no one bothered to note her death date down.

Interior of another of the locked rooms

Baseless Love Story

42. There is no basis to the love story of Shahjahan and Mumtaz. It is learned that Shahjahan married Mumtaz’s sister after her death. So where was the fabled love?


43. In order to build the Taj Mahal scholars feel about 4-91.7 million rupees would have spent. But strangely there is no mention of such a huge expenditure in any of Shahjahan’s court records.

44. About twenty thousand workers were employed by Shahjahan for 22 years to build the Taj Mahal. If this was true there would be some documents to keep a track of their wages and pay.

Huge ventilator sealed shut with bricks

Some Other Records

45. In the description of the gardens surrounding the Taj Mahal it is mentioned that there were plants of Ketaki, Jui, Jai, Mulashree, Bel, Harshringar and Champa. All these leaves and flowers are used to worship Hindu deities. What were these plants doing in a Muslim mosque?

46. Most of the Hindu temples are built on the river banks or sea beaches. Taj Mahal is built along the River Yamuna.

47. Taj Mahal has identical entrance arches on all the four sides. This is a building style popular among the Hindus.

Palace in Buhranpur where Mumtaz died

References of Taj Mahal Before Shahjahan

48. Babur has referred to Taj Mahal in his memoirs. He mentions of Taj as a place captured by Ibrahim Lodi. He describes the building as having a central octagonal chamber and pillars on four sides. Such a reference was given by Babur about 100 years before Shahjahan was born.

49. If Taj Mahal had been specially built for Mumtaz it should not have other graves. But there are a number of graves in the eastern and southern pavilions.

50. Research shows that Mumtaz died in Burhanpur which was about 600 miles from Agra and her grave remains intact there. Building Mumtaz’s cenotaph was just a ploy to cover up the Hindu Shiva emblems.

Mumtaz's tomb in Buhranpur

Though there are many more evidences sited by P.N. Oak but I could compile only 50 most evident ones.

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Is Taj Mahal a Hindu Temple named Tejo Mahalaya? – Part II

In the last part we had seen some of the facts which point towards Taj Mahal as a Hindu Temple for Shiva named Tejo Mahalaya. Today we are going to cast a glance at some other proofs to establish this fact:

Taj Mahal or Tejo Mahalaya?

Documentary Proof

17. In Shahjahan’s own court chronicles, Badshahnama there is a mention of a grand mansion with a capped dome which was taken from the Maharaja of Jaipur Jai Singh. This was to be used to build Mumtaz’s burial place. The building was known as Raja Mansingh’s Palace.

18. There is a plaque placed outside the Ta Mahal by the Archaeological Department which claims that this monument was built by Shahjahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal over a span of 22 years from 1631-1653. The plaque has bungled with historical facts for three reasons. Firstly, there is no evidence sited for the claims. And secondly Shahjahan’s wife’s name was Mumtaz-ul-Zaman and not Mumtaz Mahal. Thirdly, 22 year construction has been taken from an unreliable French visitor named Tavernier putting aside all other Muslim versions.

19. The letter from Prince Aurangzeb to his father Emperor Shahjahan has been a part of at least three chronicles – Aadaab-e-Alamgiri, Yadgarnama, Muruqqa-i-Akbarabadi. In this letter Aurangzeb records that in 1652 AD several buildings around the burial place of Mumtaz were leaking and that the dome had developed a crack on the north side. He mentioned Mumtaz’s burial place as an ancient building. Further Aurangzeb carried out some quick fix repairs and put forward some extensive repair plans for this monument.

20. The ex-Maharaja of Jaipur has some legal documents from Shahjahan questioning the Taj Mahal building.

21. There are three Firmans (court orders) that were addressed by Shahjahan present at Rajasthan State archives in Bikaner. Shahjahan had asked for some marble stones and stone cutters in order to graft Koranic inscriptions on Taj Mahal. But Maharaja Jai Singh was enraged at the usurpation of his property by the Moghul Emperor and its further desecration. He refused to send any help.

22. These three Firmans were sent to Jai Singh two years after the death of Mumtaz. Had the Taj Mahal been built over a span of 22 years marble would be required on a permanent basis. But there are no other documents suggesting request for marbles.

Red Lotus at the entrance

Accounts of European Visitors

23. Tavernier who was a French jeweller recorded in his travel memoir that Shahjahan buried Mumtaz near Taz-i-Makan or the Taj building. He further adds that Europeans used to visit the place and admire its beauty. He also mentions that the cost of scaffolding was more than that of the other works. Indeed Shahjahan had usurped the property from Maharaja of Jaipur and added costly fixtures, uprooted Shiva idols, planted cenotaphs on two stories, engraved koranic inscriptions on the arches. It took about 22 years to desecrate the entire building.
24. Peter Mundy an English visitor mentioned in his records while visiting Delhi in 1632 that places of interest in and around Agra are Taj-e-Mahal, gardens and bazaars. He confirms that Taj Mahal existed before Shahjahan.

25. De Laet who was a Dutch official has mentioned about Mansingh’s palace, which is located a mile away from Agra Fort, to be an outstanding building in the Pre Shahjahan era.

26. Bernier who was a leading contemporary French visitor mentioned that Muslim’s were not permitted entry into the basement of this monument which contained a dazzling light. Indeed Taj Mahal carried silver doors, golden railing, gem studded lattice and strings of pearl hanging over the idol of Lord Shiva. All this wealth was grabbed by the Emperor and Mumtaz’s death served as the proper pretext.

Vedic designs on ceiling of a locked room

Sanskrit Inscriptions

27. An ancient Sanskrit also supports the conclusion that Taj was originally a Shiva Temple. The Bateshwar inscription which is preserved in Lucknow Museum refers to building of a temple with white crystals which lured Lord Shiva to leave his abode in Kailash and reside here. This inscription is dated 1155 AD and was removed from Taj Mahal’s gardens by orders of Shahjahan.

Rear view of the Taj with 22 apartments

Missing Elephants

28. Shahjahan was far from building the Taj Mahal. He actually disfigured it. He not only removed Shiva idols and Sanskrit inscriptions but also a two huge stone elephants extending their trunks in welcome over the gateway. An Englishman visiting India in 1794 mentions of the Court of Elephants who had extended trunks welcoming all visitors.

Koranic Evidence

29. There are about 14 chapters inscribed in Taj Mahal walls. But not once is there any mention of Shahjahan as the creator of Taj Mahal. Learning the character of Shahjahan he would have had his authorship established in many places.

30. Amanat Khan Shirazi also adheres to the view that Shahjahan disfigured the Taj Mahal. Close inscription of the Koranic inscription tells the onlookers that it was overwritten upon some ancient Sanskrit writings.

Staircase that leads to the lower levels

Carbon 14 Testing

31. One of the wooden pieces taken from the riverside doorway of Taj Mahal and sent for Carbon 14 testing to an American Laboratory revealed that the door is 300 years older than Shahjahan. Most of the doors had to be replaced from time to time due to Muslim invasions. The Taj edifice was built around 1155 AD which is about 500 years elder to Shahjahan.

Some more evidences still remain which will be discussed in the next edition.

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Is Taj Mahal a Hindu Temple named Tejo Mahalaya? – PART I

Taj Mahal is one of the architectural wonders of India and world. Taj Mahal as we generally was built by Shahjahan as celebration of love for his wife. But P.N. Oaks who is a eminent scholar had a different set of proofs that project an entirely different story about Taj Mahal. According to him this marvellous structure was an Islamic mausoleum rather it was an ancient Shiva Temple which was known as Tejo Mahalaya. The Moghul emperor Shahjahan took this temple from Maharaja of Jaipur. Taj Mahal should be viewed as a temple and not as a tomb. Most people miss a simple point. It has size, grandeur, beauty and majesty which are much larger than referential with a tomb. If you visit Taj mahal thinking that it is a temple you will not be able to miss the annexes, hillrocks, ,oats, ruined defensive walls, fountains, cascades, hundreds of rooms with arcaded verandahs, multi storied towers, the Hindu letter OM carved on the exterior wall of the sanctum santorium, etc. Various proofs have led to this amazing discovery. Let us look at some points:

Taj Mahal: An Architectural Wonder


  1. There is no reference of the term Taj Mahal in the Moghul court papers. The mention of this monument is nowhere to be seen in the chronicles from Aurangzeb’s era.
  2. “Mahal” is not a Muslim term. In none of the other major Islamic countries from Afghanistan to Algeria do we come across an Islamic structure known as “Mahal”.
  3. Explanation to justify this is – the name was derived from Mumtaz Mahal, who was buried in it. Such an explanation is illogical in two ways – firstly, her name was not Mumtaz Mahal rather her name was Mumtaz-ul-Zamani and secondly no one would omit the first three letters “Mum” from a name to derive the name of a building named after her. It doesn’t make any logical sense.
  4. As the name of the lady in question is explained to be Mumtaz so name of this building should have been Taz Mahal and not Taj Mahal.
  5. Many European travellers from the times have mentioned this building as Taj-e-Mahal which can be a Sanskrit word Tej-o-Mahalaya meaning a Shiva Temple. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb seem to be intentionally avoiding this name, they rather call it as a holy grave.
  6. If we consider the traditions of the times then it can be seen most of dead Muslim courtiers from Humayaun, Akbar, Etmad-ud-Daula or Safdarjung have been buried in captured Hindu temples.
  7. If Taj Mahal is a tomb or burial place how could it be named as Mahal or a mansion?
  8. As the explanation for Taj Mahal cannot be found in Moghul writings so we can think of it as a Sanskrit word. Both “Taj” and “Mahal” are words of Sanskrit origin.

Hindu Sacred Word "OM" in the flowers on the walls

Temple Tradition

9. Taj Mahal is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word “Tejo Mahalaya” which signified it as a Shiva Temple. It is a sacred place associated with Agneshwar Shiva or The Lord of Agra.

10. The tradition of removing shoes when climbing the marble platform originates from Pre Shahjahan times. Typically shoes should not be removed when visiting a cemetery. It is a Hindu tradition of removing shoes when entering a place of worship.

11. On minute inspection you will be able to notice the base slab of this cenotaph is made with a plain white marble while the three other cenotaphs over the two floors have inlaid intricate designs. It verifies that it was a marble pedestal for Shiva idol and Mumtaz’s cenotaphs are fake in nature.

12. The pitchers which are carved inside the upper border of the marble lattice and those mounted over it are 108 in number. 108 is a holy number in Hindu traditions.

13. Many people connected with the maintenance and repair of Taj Mahal who have seen an ancient sacred Shiva Linga (Shiva sacred stone) and some other idols within the thick layers and secret chambers and thick walls. The Archaeological Survey of India has kept numb on this issue.

14. In India there are reportedly 12 Jyotirlingas or outstanding temples of Shiva. Tejo Mahalaya seems to be one belonging to Nagnathaneshwar as it girdled around by a Naga or Cobra figures.

15. Agra where the Taj Mahal stands was an ancient centre for Shiva worship. They worshipped Shiva throughout the city by building many temples.

16. The people who reside in Agra are mostly known as Jats. They have named Shiva as Tejaji. They call their temples as Teja Temples. From this it is apperent that Taj Mahal is Tejo Mahalaya or the Great Abode of Tej.

An Unnatural Marble Apartment on the Ground Floor

So far we have discussed on only first 16 points that makes us believe Taj Mahal is nothing but a Shiva Temple known as Tejo Mahalaya. In the next blog we will delve deeper into the issue.

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