There has been a controversy raging in the scientific real over the extent of fall out in Chernobyl. To find the truth a group of scientists paid a visit to the contaminated area. They walked through the wasteland that was grey and desolate. All the buildings bore the signs of devastation, the windows were broken and most of the houses had broken doors. Trees and weeds had grown over the human habitations. The research work of this team has sparked a new controversy over the effects of radiation on humans and animals.
The basic facts of the accident are that on April 26, 1986 at 1.23 AM something went horribly wrong during a simple electrical test in the nuclear reactor number four of a Soviet nuclear plant named Chernobyl Nuclear Plant. There was a large explosion and soon smoke emerged from the reactor. Scientists believe that the radioactive material released as a result of this explosion was many times more than the bombs dropped at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The radioactive materials released in the atmosphere polluted a wide area. No less than 300,000 people were evacuated from a fall out area of 800 square miles. The effects of this nuclear fallout were experienced across an expanse of 80,000 square miles and there were radioactive rains all over Europe as far as north-west Ireland. The town and its surroundings were declared as unfit for human or animal habitation. The scientists also opined that the fall out will not be cleansed of its radioactivity for many centuries to come.
But the research team reported that the abandoned town of Pripyat had become a haven for the wild animals. The team reported that they regularly encountered bears, wolves and moose wandering through the deserted streets of the town. Now, the scientists feel that if wild animals can return so soon after the incident then may be the nuclear radiation has died down sooner than expected. The radiations may be less dangerous in their results than held before. As per the UN report of 2005, the incident in Chernobyl is still causing long term cancers in those exposed. The scientists of the UN feel that Chernobyl should be left alone as a sign of human negligence and what dangerous experiments can lead to. Though the concentration of certain radioactive materials has decreased in the last 28 years, but it still exists. Some of the radioactive materials released that day will remain active for at least 30,000 years.
A group of scientists feel that Chernobyl or Pripyat is definitely not safe for human habitation. The wild animals that do visit the deserted towns do so for small durations. If they are exposed for long durations then they will die instantly from the extent of radiations. It would also be interesting to see how their new-born children fare. Radioactive extent at the towns will have its effects when something is ingested. Ingestion of food makes sure that the radioactive elements distribute within the body and start causing problems. The people exposed to radioactive fallout saw mutations in their offspring increase. Most of the children born in the first four years had extra limbs, deformed skulls, missing ribs, etc.
Though animals have been seen in these deserted towns, yet human habitation is out of the question. For many centuries in the future these towns will exist as signs of human recklessness.